Alamo Battle Page 2

Duque Column

Attacking the north wall was Col Francisco Duque with about 400 men of the Toluca and San Luis Battalions carrying ladders, axes and crowbars. Defending this section of The Alamo were three eight-pounders. It was from here that Col Travis was killed during the first fire of the battle. As with the other battalions of the Mexican army, Duque's column was forced back due to heavy cannonade from the Texians. Duque was wounded during this phase of the fight and General Manuel F. Castrillon took command.

Romero Column

Col Jose M. Romero and about 300 men carrying ladders attacked from the east and northeast near the horse corrals and cattle pen defended by two cannon; one in the corral and the cattle pen. Romero's column was forced back but continued to move north along the east side of The Alamo compound.

During this phase of the battle the Texians held the compound well, however Romero, Castrillon and Cos's columns merged into one massive body of soldiers, which pushed against the north wall. Morale's column rallied and focused on the S.W. section of The Alamo compound.

Final Phase

As the masses pushed against the north wall Santa Anna sent in his reserve of the Zapadores Battalion and companies from Jimenez, Aldama, Matamoros, Toluca and San Luis Battalions all numbering about 400 men. With the reserves sent in the added numbers forced Romero to attack once again the cattle and horse corrals where his men broke through taking the two cannon.  The Texians defending the north wall saw the situation as hopeless as the reserves and companies under Castrillon began to breach the north wall. These Texians began to move back toward the Long Barracks for their last stand.

Cos's men moved over the N.W. wall and through the windows of the rooms along the west wall. The flood of Mexican soldiers started to envelope the compound. As the Texians moved to the Long Barracks Morales's soldiers climbed over the S.W. wall, took the eighteen-pounder and turned it to fire upon the Texians in the south portion of the compound.


As the Mexicans forced themselves through room after room in the Long Barracks, killing as they went, the sun began to rise. It is commonly believed among most historians that about a half dozen defenders surrendered and were taken prisoner. They were brought before Santa Anna, but he angrily denounced this action of his officers and immediately ordered the Texians to be executed on the spot. The debate among the same historians is whether Crockett was one of the captured. We will probably never know, but it really doesn't matter. He and the other men who fought in The Alamo chose to stay, fight, and die there. I don't think anyone can ask more from another person and surrendering does not diminish their character at all.

Sunrise over Texas

A Small Affair

Santa Anna told his officers that this battle was nothing but a small affair. I don't think he was thinking that too much when on April 21, 1836 his entire army was routed by angry Texians yelling as they charged, "Remember the Alamo, remember Golliad" and killed roughly 600 Mexican soldiers during the Battle of San Jacinto near today's Houston, Texas. Santa Anna surrendered to a wounded Sam Houston under the shade of a large tree and promised to leave Texas and never come back.

Texas became a republic and would fight Santa Anna, albeit briefly again several years later. The boundaries of Texas were debated after Texas became a state in the union as being the Rio Grande River vs. the Nueces River (much further to the north of the Rio Grande). This dispute would be settled once and for all at the end of the Mexican-American war of 1848 when the United States acquired New Mexico, Arizona and California. The southern boundary of Texas became the Rio Grande River.

The Alamo is a shrine in the state of Texas. All men must remove hats before entering and visitors cannot take pictures inside the Chapel except on March 6. The Texas flag waves proudly beside the United States flag, (Texas is the only state in the union that is allowed to fly its state flag at the same height as the US flag) high above the Chapel. The Chapel of The Alamo has become a symbol of freedom and is a daily reminder of the sacrifice free people must make to ensure freedom lives.

God Bless Texas!


The Alamo Today


The Cenotaph 


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